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Cities are first and foremost Mens LA Clippers Cashmere PomPom Beanie The Elder Statesman X NBA f4stvpq3
. Perhaps boding well for the future, the UK government’s Trade and Investment Deparment’s Smart Cities Pitchbook (2016) places the smart citizen at the core of the smart city (ad)venture, divided like Siemens’ strategy in six pillars: smart buildings and housing, smart infrastructure, smart mobility, smart health, smart governance, smart energy and environment. This said, the report’s cover page does feature a rather vaguely “smart”, brightly-lit glass building located by the side of an average road, with the following caption: “Technology is Great”. As local government services are now provided online by default (e-government), this poses equity challenges for the Silk Square Scarf Street art Unicorn Piggy by VIDA VIDA rvolSG
. Does one cease to be considered a smart citizen if one lacks the technology? This comes as a challenging idea for neoliberal democracies: not only do the most deprived suffer most from increased use of digital technology in society, many people with access do not use digital technologies in ways that could improve their socio-economic status, their integration in society or engagement in civic matters.

The “smart city” is not the only template available to make cities more sustainable and resilient. Among others, one can cite the Place Making movement or the opyum monogramme cuff Black Saint Laurent cLh4wY
sustainability concept, where citizens are implicitly valued, rather than considered “smart” by virtue of their digital engagement capacity. At the same time, there is no one-size-fits-all model for sustainable urbanisation. It should be of little surprise that urban innovation should also reflect human diversity.

I end with the theme of my next post, and by paying the dues to our forefathers, without whom we would not be so pretentiously smart. As Brian Ablett shared in a recent presentation on the smart city at Northumbria University, societies of the past were just as smart, if not smarter, than we are today. The test of time shows that past civilisations have proven more or less resilient: whether these were fair or ecologically sound societies remains a matter of debate.

We inhabit cities inasmuch as cities inhabit us: today’s governance and technological innovation give us new opportunities to shape the places we live in, which in turn contribute to shape us as individuals and communities. Building a truly smart, resilient city is both an obvious necessity and a great challenge. It requires humility, open-mindedness, and a willingness to learn from others as well as past successes and failures. To this end, gazing into the mirror of history would likely help us reframe our challenges and opportunities in a smarter way, as well as provide a stronger basis for truly innovative solutions.

But some of this empirical analysis may mask the true conservative nature of the future court. Looking at the raw numbers, Roberts’s ideology has been steadily drifting left since he joined the court in 2005. But this could be due in part to the fact that the court has in recent years taken up more of the sharp questions that conservatives want it to take up. Voting with the court’s liberal bloc on a right-wing issue would shift a justice’s score toward the more liberal side, even if the position they took would still generally be considered conservative. So perhaps the very benchmark the data revolves around is shifting.

It’s also possible that Roberts appears more liberal because, as the chief justice, he has an incentive to join the majority in cases where his vote alone cannot change the decision; this tactic allows him to influence decisions he doesn’t fully agree with, rather than simply dissenting. (The chief justice assigns which justice will write the opinion for whichever group he votes with, so he can indirectly shape a ruling by assigning the opinion to himself or a justice sympathetic to his views.)

There is one would-be justice among the federal appeals judges on Trump’s shortlist who would scoop the median-voter title from Roberts, at least as measured by Judicial Common Space scores — and that’s Thomas Hardiman, a judge who serves on the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

To figure out how Trump’s nominee might transform the court’s ideological makeup, we looked at potential candidates’ Judicial Common Space scores, which measure judicial ideology relative to the full court, the president and Congress. The scores range from -1 (very liberal) to +1 (very conservative). Because pinning down the ideology of a lower court judge can be tricky, their scores are based on the political positions of the people who control their nominations to the court: the president and their home-state senators. An appointee’s senators are included because of a custom called “ senatorial courtesy ,” which is an implicit agreement that senators will not support nominees who are opposed by the senators from the nominee’s own state.

There are reasons to wonder if Hardiman is truly more moderate than Roberts: Hardiman earned his score thanks in part to the ideology of one of the senators representing his home state at the time he was nominated, the centrist Arlen Specter. SCOTUSblog labeled Hardiman “a solid, although hardly knee-jerk, conservative.”

Emergency Politics Podcast: Trump's Chance To Reshape The Supreme Court

Things will look more conservative still if the spot goes to a judge like Brett Kavanaugh, a former Kennedy clerk who now serves on the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington, D.C., and is emerging as an early frontrunner. Kavanaugh is among the most conservative of the judges for whom we have ideology data, with a score that puts him to the left only of the archconservative Clarence Thomas.


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